EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTION #10

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS


LEAD:

Fire Agencies

SUPPORT:

Emergency Management

Community Emergency Coordinator (LEPC Representative)

Public Health

Sheriff's Office

All Response Agencies/Organizations

I. INFORMATION

A. Purpose

To identify local responsibilities for hazardous material incident response and management. To include preparation for and response to any incident involving hazardous substances or materials, including radioactive materials, which, when uncontrolled, can be harmful to persons or the environment of Thurston County.

B. Scope

This ESF provides for a coordinated response to actual or potential discharges and/or releases of hazardous material within unincorporated Thurston County. It includes the appropriate response actions to prevent, minimize, or mitigate a threat to public health, welfare, or the environment.

II. RELATED POLICIES

None Related.

III. PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS

A. A natural or technological disaster could result in a single or numerous situations in which hazardous materials are released into the environment.

B. Fixed facilities (e.g., chemical plants, tank farms, laboratories, and industries operating hazardous waste sites which produce, generate, use, store, or dispose of hazardous materials) could be damaged so that existing spill control apparatus and containment measures are not effective.

C. Hazardous materials that are transported may be involved in railroad accidents, highway collisions, waterway or airline mishaps.

D. Damage to, or rupture of, pipelines transporting materials that are hazardous if improperly released will present serious problems.

E. Emergency exemptions may be needed for disposal of contaminated material.

F. Laboratories responsible for analyzing hazardous material samples may be damaged or destroyed in a disaster.

IV. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS

A. General

1. Washington State Patrol has the responsibility for hazardous materials incidents except in areas where this has been taken by local Fire Agencies. See Attachment 1 for Incident Commander Designations. Local Fire Agencies may be the initial responding agency. Fire District plans and procedures will detail local operation concepts and responsibilities to the extent of the level of training and resources available.

2. Local emergency responders provide services such as, but not limited to, rescue and medical treatment of the injured, evacuation of persons at risk, initial isolation of an area, and identification of involved materials. The Incident Commander will ensure that the State Office of Emergency Management and other local, state and federal agencies are notified as per local, state and federal laws, regulations and plans.

3. Wherever possible, mutual aid agreements among local emergency agencies and the private sector should be developed to promote and facilitate the sharing of resources and expertise.

4. Each agency that has assumed Incident Commander responsibilities will ensure that there is trained staff, notification and activation capability and appropriate resources to carry out respective hazardous materials responsibilities.

B. Local

1. Notification

a. Thurston County's Department of Communications

(CAPCOM/9-1-1) shall be the single point of notification for hazardous materials incidents. If CAPCOM is not operational, the COMVAN will be used for communications.

b. Any individual, department or agency becoming aware of a hazardous materials incident shall immediately notify CAPCOM (9-1-1) for dispatch of appropriate emergency response personnel. The Incident Commander will ensure that the appropriate state agency is notified.

c. Local industry shall be educated to use CAPCOM (9-1-1) immediately to make notification of a hazardous materials incident.

d. The Thurston County Emergency Operations Center (EOC) will be activated, as necessary, to support the Incident Commander.

2. On-Scene Management

The structure of local agency on-scene management will depend on the size and scope of the incident. The Incident Commander (IC) will be responsible for the coordination and management of the on-scene response. For the purposes of this Plan, the Incident Commander will be the senior on-scene official from the first responding agency until relieved by higher authority.

Upon arriving at the incident scene, the Incident Commander will do the following:

a. Assess the situation. (Based on hazardous materials incident response levels and action classifications shown in Attachment 2.)

b. Develop objectives.

c. Develop action plan/priorities.

d. Make staff/agency assignments to carry out plan.

e. It is critical to identify the owner, shipper and releaser of the product at the earliest opportunity.

f. Witnesses to the situation must be identified before they leave the scene.

If necessary, these initial actions will be coordinated with first responders. (This could be as simple as a law enforcement officer arriving on the scene, assessing the situation, notifying dispatch, deciding to assist the driver, and securing the perimeter. It could be a situation where representatives from several response agencies work together to assess a major accident/spill, develop a list of objectives from the public safety standpoint, and carry them out as the action plan dictates in coordination with other on-scene agencies.)

Pursuant to RCW 70.136.030 and the extension of the "Good Samaritan" status, Thurston County has designated Incident Command Agencies and has filed the aforementioned designation with the state. (See Attachment 1 - Designated Incident Command (IC) Agencies.) In all cases, the Incident Commander will coordinate with representatives from other responsible agencies.

The lead person from each responding agency should work with the IC to ensure their agency's objectives are identified and coordinated.

The Incident Commander will coordinate with appropriate federal and state agencies, and the private sector, as appropriate.

Four functional areas will be utilized to manage a hazardous materials incident.

Incident Commander: Objectives

Operations: Perimeter Control, Evacuation, Rescue, Countermeasures/ Cleanup, Emergency Medical, Health, Environment

Planning: Situation Reports, Resources, Status, Documentation, Technical Advisors

Logistics: Communications, Transportation, Supplies, Special Equipment, Disposal Sites

Finance: Contracting, Time Recording, Cost Analysis, Compensation, Claims

C. State

State agencies will respond to hazardous materials incidents according to appropriate federal and state laws, regulations and agency plans.

D. Federal

Federal agencies and resources will be utilized if local and state capabilities have been exceeded and/or if federal response is required under federal laws, regulations and plans.

V. RESPONSIBILITIES

A. Local

1. Emergency Management

a. Acts as the coordinator for the various local emergency organizations and as the local liaison to State Emergency Management.

b. Participates in the development of training and exercise programs with the first response community.

c. Upon the declaration of a local disaster, coordinates resources to support emergency response efforts.

2. Incident Command Agency (appropriate fire response agency or Washington State Patrol)

a. Enters into mutual aid agreements with other public and private entities for effective hazardous materials response.

b. Provides command and control during the incident, if appropriate.

3. Community Emergency Coordinator

a. Coordinates emergency spill response planning efforts with local, state, and federal officials.

b. Facilitates a local and regional spill response capability.

c. Assists local facility emergency coordinators in plan implementation.

d. Provides technical support to incident command agencies during chemical incidents.

e. Provides assistance in risk analysis to identify vulnerable areas and methods to reduce those risks.

f. Assists in the development of public education programs.

g. Coordinates activities with the environmental health department.

h. Keeps public officials abreast of current environmental laws/ regulations relating to SARA, Title III.

i. Participates in exercises through the Local Emergency Planning Committee.

4. Public Information

Coordinate all public information and instructions and media relations as defined in ESF #31 Public Information.

5. Other Response Departments/Agencies

Respond according to organizational emergency operating procedures.

6. Private Facility

Each facility will appoint a facility emergency coordinator, who:

a. Notifies appropriate local, state, and federal entities in a reliable, effective, and timely manner of a release of hazardous materials (consistent with the emergency notification requirements of SARA Title III, Section 304 and other state and federal regulations governing hazardous material incidents).

b. Informs the emergency planning committee of any relevant changes taking place at their facility as the changes occur or are anticipated to occur.

c. Promptly provides, upon request, information to the emergency planning committee that may be needed for developing and implementing the emergency plan.

B. State

1. State Emergency Management

a. Maintains 24-hour capability to receive notification of incidents and requests for assistance and initial notification to local, state and federal response agencies.

b. Coordinates the procurement of state resources for use by the incident on-scene commander or as requested by local Emergency Management or other designated local response agencies or state response agencies.

2. State Department of Agriculture

a. Develops, with the assistance of county extension agents, lists of farms, dairies, and ranches that may require monitoring or sampling due to a hazardous materials release.

b. Provides technical assistance, laboratory testing and sampling, and estimates on recovery costs for incidents involving pesticides and environmental contamination of farm properties, in coordination with the Department of Health.

c. Quarantines contaminated food and fodder.

3. State Department of Ecology

a. Lead agency for spill response cleanup. Provides on-scene coordination, technical information on containment, cleanup, disposal, and recovery; environmental damage assessment; laboratory analysis and evidence collection for enforcement action for non-radioactive environment threatening hazardous materials incidents.

b. Serves as the state on-scene coordinator under the Federal National Contingency Plan.

4. State Department of Fish and Wildlife

a. Provides coordination and resource information on potential or actual fish or fish habitat damage and cleanup.

b. Provides coordination and resource information on potential or actual wildlife or wildlife habitat damage and cleanup.

5. State Fire Marshall

a. Provides assistance in damage assessments, investigations, and coordination with officials.

b. Authority for incidents involving common or special fireworks (Class B and C) explosives.

6. State Department of Labor and Industries

a. Enforces safety and health standards whenever employees are exposed to hazardous chemicals.

b. Provides technical assistance and information concerning worker exposure to hazardous chemicals including information on procedures, protective equipment, and specific chemical properties and hazards of substances.

7. State Department of Health

a. Assumes the role as lead agency in incidents involving radioactive materials. Provides technical personnel and equipment and advises state and local governments of the hazards of radioactive materials.

b. Provides advice and guidance regarding the health hazards of pesticides and other toxic substances. Provides technical assistance, sample collection and laboratory analysis, risk assessment, and control information relative to incidents involving pesticides and other toxic substances.

8. Washington State Patrol

a. Acts as designated Incident Command Agency for hazardous materials incidents unless the local jurisdiction assumes that responsibility as per Section 4, Chapter 172, laws of 1982, as amended, and SHB Number 154, April 1987 in conjunction with RCW 70.136.060 and 70.136.070.

b. Will contact State Emergency Management to notify other agencies as needed.

9. State Department of Transportation

a. Coordinates the activation of WSDOT personnel and equipment needed to establish traffic control and cleanup activities on state roads and interstate highways. Activation may be initiated by the State Patrol.

b. WSDOT personnel will initially establish traffic control and notify the Washington State Patrol when a hazardous materials spill is discovered, by them, on state roads and interstate highways.

10. State Utilities and Transportation Commission

a. Investigates rail accidents involving hazardous materials in conjunction with the State Patrol.

b. Assists first responders by providing supportive data on shippers and haulers of hazardous materials statewide.

C. Federal

1. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

a. Develops and promulgates the National Contingency Plan (NCP), chairs the National Response Team (NRT) and co-chairs the Regional Response Teams (RRTs), implements Superfund and other environmental legislation, can provide emergency response team support for hazardous material contingencies, and trains state emergency officials.

b. Responds with advice and technical resources to protect the environment from all types of hazardous substances.

c. Acts as the federal on-scene coordinator for non-marine incidents.

2. United States Coast Guard

a. Operates the National Response Center (NRC) which receives reports of incidents and serves as a focal point for notification of government authorities when a pollution incident occurs.

b. Provides advice and assistance to users of the system by accessing computer data files which list hazardous substance characteristics.

c. Acts as the federal on-scene coordinator for incidents involving marine waters.

3. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

a. Coordinates the off-site radiological monitoring, assessment evaluation, and reporting of all federal agencies per the provisions of the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Plan (FRMAP).

b. Maintains a common set of off-site radiological monitoring data and provides this data and their interpretation to other appropriate federal, state and local agencies requiring direct knowledge of radiological conditions.

c. Provides all monitoring data, assessments, and related evaluations to the federal and state response agencies and assists the federal authorities to develop protective action recommendations and other measures to protect the public as required.

4. U.S. Department of Transportation

a. Regulates the transport of many types of hazardous materials for all transport modes.

b. Provides (DOT/USCG) the vice-chairman for the National Response Teams and co-chairs the Regional Response Teams (RRT).

c. Coordinates responses to hazardous material contingencies through its National Response Center.

d. Provides emergency response team support to the RRTs and states.

e. Trains state emergency officials.

5. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

a. Has the lead coordination role for federal offsite planning and response coordination for all types of radiological emergencies. FEMA develops and tests the Federal Response Plan (FRERP) for radiological emergencies, provides an important support role to the EPA for relocation functions under Superfund, provides funding to states to support state and local government emergency planners and trains many state and local government officials in planning for and responding to hazardous materials contingencies.

b. Promotes coordination among federal agencies and their interaction with the state, including the provision of federally developed or evaluated protective action recommendations for re-entry/recovery to the state or other appropriate off-site authorities responsible for implementing those recommendations.

D. Other Agencies

1. Chemtrec

a. Provides information and assistance on the nature of the product and steps to handle the problem.

b. Contacts shipper of the material for more detailed information.

c. Provides 24-hour notification capability for hazardous materials emergencies.

d. Accesses mutual aid programs which notify teams to respond to incidents involving certain chemicals and pesticides.

VI. OPERATIONS BY TIME PHASE

A. Before the Disaster

1. Local Emergency Planning Committee

a. Coordinates with appropriate agencies to ensure operational readiness through emergency response planning, development, and updating.

b. Coordinates with local government and private entities (bulk chemical users, chemical transporters, etc.) to develop appropriate emergency response plans and capabilities.

c. Coordinates and participates in emergency response exercises, drills and training.

2. Fire Agencies, Law Enforcement, and other Emergency Response Departments/Agencies

a. Maintain Emergency Operating Procedures for hazardous materials emergency response.

b. Participate in emergency response exercises, drills, and training.

c. Train personnel to the appropriate level for their response.

3. Private

a. Maintain on-site hazardous materials response plans including notification procedures for appropriate government agencies.

b. Appoint a facility emergency coordinator responsible for emergency notifications and facilitating emergency response.

B. During the Disaster

1. Fire Agencies

a. Provide initial response to incident to the level of their training until Washington State Patrol is available or serves as Incident Command Agency for their district. (See Attachment 1 for the designated Incident Command Agency.)

b. Coordinate with lead representatives from other responsible agencies to ensure each agency's objectives and responsibilities are coordinated and carried out.

c. Assist law enforcement, when possible, in warning the public, evacuation, routing, and/or traffic control.

d. May assist in limited containment of hazardous material substances to prevent contamination.

2. Washington State Patrol

a. Serves as Incident Command Agency in those areas where fire agencies are not designated as Incident Command agencies. The areas that require Washington State Patrol response are shown in Attachment 1.

b. Coordinates with lead representatives from other responsible agencies to ensure each agency's objectives and responsibilities are coordinated and carried out.

3. Emergency Management

a. Activates the EOC and warning systems, as necessary.

b. Coordinates emergency resources and requests activation of emergency shelter, as appropriate.

4. Law Enforcement

a. Notifies key staff.

b. Activates emergency operating procedures.

c. Enforces restrictions/control of incident site access, crowd control and emergency traffic control.

d. Activates public warning and evacuation procedures.

5. Other Departments/Agencies

Respond according to agency emergency operating procedures and/or as directed from the EOC.

6. Private

Provide local agencies with assistance and expertise in identifying hazardous material substances, response, and clean-up.

C. After the Disaster

1. Emergency Management

If activated, continue EOC operations until it is determined that EOC coordination is no longer necessary.

2. All Response Departments/Agencies

a. Support recovery efforts as identified in emergency response procedures and/or as directed by the EOC.

b. Support appropriate state and federal agencies, as conditions warrant and within the limitations of local plans and procedures.

c. Participate in debriefing and critiquing organized by the Incident Command Agency.

d. Provide situation and status reports, upon request, to Emergency Management/EOC.

VII. REFERENCES

A. Washington State Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan

B. The Federal Response Plan, ESF #10 - Hazardous Materials

C. Superfund Amendments and Re-authorization Act (SARA Title III)

D. Marine Safety Office Puget Sound Oil and Hazardous Substance Pollution Contingency Plan

E. Department of Ecology Geographic Response Plans

VIII. ATTACHMENTS

1. Designated Incident Command (IC) Agencies

2. Hazardous Materials Incident Response Levels and Action Classifications


ATTACHMENT 1

DESIGNATED INCIDENT COMMAND (IC) AGENCIES




JURISDICTION

NAME

IC AGENCY

FD #1

Rochester

Washington State Patrol

FD #2

Yelm

Washington State Patrol

FD #3

Lacey

Washington State Patrol

FD #4

Rainier

Washington State Patrol

FD #5

Black Lake

Washington State Patrol

FD #6

East Olympia

Washington State Patrol

FD #7

North Olympia

Washington State Patrol

FD #8

South Bay

Washington State Patrol

FD #9

McLane

Washington State Patrol

FD #11

Littlerock

Washington State Patrol

FD #12

Tenino

Washington State Patrol

FD #13

Griffin

Washington State Patrol

FD #14

Grand Mound

Washington State Patrol

FD #15

Munn Lake/Tumwater

Washington State Patrol

FD #16

Gibson Valley

Washington State Patrol

FD #17

Bald Hills

Washington State Patrol

Olympia

 

Washington State Patrol

Tumwater

 

Washington State Patrol

Bucoda

 

Washington State Patrol

 


ATTACHMENT 2

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT RESPONSE LEVELS AND ACTION CLASSIFICATIONS

LEVEL I

1. Spills which can be contained and absorbed by equipment and supplies immediately available to emergency personnel.

2. Fires which can be extinguished with the resources immediately available to the first response agency.

3. Leaks which can be controlled using equipment and supplies immediately available to emergency personnel.

4. Incidents which do not require evacuation.

LEVEL II

1. An incident involving a greater hazard or larger area which poses a potential threat to life, property and/or the environment.

2. An incident involving a toxic substance which may require evacuation of citizens.

3. A hazardous materials incident which requires assistance from outside agencies to work with evacuees, coordinate with medical facilities, treat casualties and coordinate with agencies concerned with environmental impact.

LEVEL III

1. A major hazardous materials incident requiring resources beyond those of local departments and requiring expertise or resources of state, federal or private agencies and/or organizations in the first response community.

2. A hazardous materials incident within the County that involves evacuation of areas outside of Thurston County.

3. A hazardous materials incident whose location is outside Thurston County but requires evacuation of areas within Thurston County.