EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTION #20

MILITARY SUPPORT TO CIVIL AUTHORITIES


LEAD:

Emergency Management

SUPPORT:

Washington Military Department

Local Federal Military Activities

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Purpose

To describe the circumstance and conditions under which units of the Washington State National Guard and the Department of Defense (DOD) can provide military support to civil authorities (MSCA).

To describe procedures to obtain MSCA.

B. Scope

This ESF applies to all requests for military support originated by Thurston County following a local declaration of emergency.

II. RELATED POLICIES

None specific.

III. ASSUMPTIONS

A. The military is capable of providing a wide range of support to local governments in an emergency.

B. Military assistance is considered supplemental to local efforts and will not be requested unless and until applicable local resources have been, or will imminently be, exhausted.

C. All military assistance, except requests during imminently serious situations as described herein, will be requested through the Washington State Military Department, Division of Emergency Management.

D. Military support may be delayed until a state of emergency is declared by the governor or there has been a presidential declaration.

E. It may take 48-hours or longer to receive military assistance.

F. When deployed to provide MSCA, military forces will work under the direction of local authority, but will retain their unit integrity and military chain of command.

IV. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS

A. If Thurston County cannot accommodate a resource request using county or private assets, a resource request will be made to the state EOC as part of routine resource management activities. It will be up to the state to determine the appropriate means of meeting the county's request, including the use of military assets.

B. If the county Logistics Coordinator is aware of a specific resource owned by the military and needed by the county, the specific resource may be requested as part of the request sent to the state EOC.

C. In an imminently serious situation, the county may request assistance directly from the military. An imminently serious situation is one in which there is an imminent threat to life and/or to property which will cause human suffering. A military unit commander can respond to direct requests for assistance, if:

1. An imminently serious situation exists.

2. The military unit is capable of providing the type of support requested without degrading its primary national defense commitments.

3. The military unit is the only source of help available including the private sector, or the only source of help including the private sector that can respond in time to support the county in alleviating the situation.

4. The Board of County Commissioners has proclaimed a local emergency.

5. The County or Washington State government is willing to certify to military authorities that conditions 1, 3, and 4 exists.

6. The County agrees to assume the costs incurred by the military unit to provide the requested support.

V. RESPONSIBILITIES

A. EOC Logistics Coordinator

1. Determine if and when a recommendation will be made to request military assistance.

2. Prepare requests for military assistance in accordance with the provisions of references A & B for routine requests, or reference C for imminently serious situation requests.

3. Transmit all requests to State Emergency Management.

4. Identify suitable staging areas and coordinate logistic support with the responding unit, as appropriate.

5. Coordinate activities to ensure efficient use of requested assets.


VI. REFERENCES

A. Thurston County Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, Emergency Support Function 7, Resource Management.

B. Washington State Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan.

C. Headquarters, I Corps and Fort Lewis, Military Support to Civil Authorities Plan.

VII. ATTACHMENTS

1. Military Organizations

2. Examples of Military Resources and Services


ATTACHMENT 1

MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle (206) 764-3406 MILITARY CONTACT MUST BE VIA THE WASHINGTON STATE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER OR DUTY OFFICER

Washington Army National Guard, Camp Murray, WA 98430

Commander, 5th Continental US Army (CONUSA) Headquarters, 1st Army Corps Fort Lewis, WA 98431-5000

Madigan Army Medical Center Tacoma, WA 98431-5000

US Army Reserve 124th Regional Support Command 4575 36th Ave. W. Fort Lawton, WA 98199-5000

A Company, 6th Battalion, 158 Aviation Regiment 3433 109th St. SW Everett, WA 98204

Naval Base Seattle 1103 Hunley Rd. Silverdale, WA 98315-1103

Naval Base Everett 2000 W. Marine View Drive Everett, WA 98207-5001

Naval Hospital Bremerton Bremerton, WA 98312

Navy Engineering Field Activity NW 35005 NW Anderson Hill Rd. Silverdale, WA 98382-9130

Naval Submarine Base Bangor Silverdale, WA 98315-1200

62nd Air Force Wing McChord Air Force Base, WA 98438


ATTACHMENT 2

EXAMPLES OF MILITARY RESOURCES AND SERVICES

(Not all inclusive)

A. Washington Military Department

B. U. S. Department of Defense assets: