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Thurston County Comprehensive Plan

Comprehensive Plan Table of Contents

photo of comprehensive plan coverThurston County strives to have the most up to date Comprehensive Plan online. However, the addition of amendments to the webpage may take more time to complete following adoption. This page has been updated through the 2008 Comprehensive Plan amendment cycle. A copy of the Comprehensive Plan is available in the Thurston County Permit Assistance Center.

COVER AND TITLE PAGE (PDF, 53Kb)

TABLE OF CONTENTS (PDF, 46Kb)

CHAPTER ONE -- INTRODUCTION (PDF, 44Kb)

I. VISION FOR THURSTON COUNTY 1-1

II. AUTHORITY FOR PLANNING 1-3

III. THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN AND ITS ROLE IN THE COUNTY'S PLANNING SYSTEM 1-4

A. The Role of the Comprehensive Plan 1-4

B. Joint Plans and Other Specialized Plans 1-5

C. Time Horizon. 1-6

IV. HOW THIS DOCUMENT IS USED BY OTHERS 1-7

V. HISTORY OF AMENDMENTS TO THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 1-7

VI. SETTING (Geography, Area, Climate, Economy, Population Projections) 1-9

CHAPTER TWO -- LAND USE (PDF, 424Kb)

 I. INTRODUCTION 2-1

A. History and Purpose of Thurston County's Urban Growth Areas 2-2

B. Growth Management Act Requirements for Urban Growth Areas 2-3

C. Market Factor 2-4

D. Subarea Planning 2-4

III. POPULATION ALLOCATION AND FORECAST 2-5

A. Growth Trends and Density 2-8

IV. LAND USE DESIGNATIONS 2-8

A. General Land Use Guidelines 2-8

B. Rural Area Designations 2-10

V. LANDS FOR PUBLIC PURPOSES 2-34

A. Olympia Airport Area 2-35

VI. LAND USE DECISION-MAKING 2-38

VII. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 2-39

CHAPTER THREE -- NATURAL RESOURCE LANDS(PDF, 131Kb)

I. AGRICULTURE RESOURCES 3-1

II. AQUACULTURE RESOURCES 3-9

III. FOREST RESOURCES 3-10

IV. MINERAL RESOURCES 3-14

V. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 3-18

CHAPTER FOUR -- HOUSING(PDF, 217Kb)

I. INTRODUCTION 4-1

II. MEETING HOUSING NEEDS 4-3

III. HOUSING ALTERNATIVES 4-11

IV. SPECIAL NEEDS 4-15

V. PRESERVATION 4-19

VI. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 4-19

CHAPTER FIVE -- TRANSPORTATION (PDF, 365Kb)

I. INTRODUCTION 5-1

A. Critical Issues 5-1

B. Requirements of the State Growth Management Act 5-2

C. County-Wide Planning Policies 5-4

D. Thurston Regional Transportation Plan 5-4

II. HIGHWAYS AND ROADS 5-5

A. Design and Locational Standards 5-5

B. Level of Service 5-7

C. Existing County Roadway System 5-10

D. Future Capacity Needs 5-11

E. Roadway Maintenance Needs 5-12

F. Safety and Design Standard Improvements 5-12

G. State Highways 5-12

III. TRANSIT SERVICE 5-18

A. Service Types Provided 5-18

B. Service Area 5-19

C. The Future of Transit Services in Thurston County 5-19

IV. BICYCLES 5-20

A. Bikeway Classification 5-20

B. Current Network 5-23

C. Future Network 5-23

V. RAIL AND AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 5-24

A. Rail Transportation 5-24

B. Air Transportation 5-25

VI. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 5-27

CHAPTER SIX -- CAPITAL FACILITIES

I. INTRODUCTION 6-1

II. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 6-3

III. LEVEL OF SERVICE STANDARDS 6-7

IV. EXISTING CONDITIONS 6-13

V. COUNTY CAPITAL FACILITIES 6-26

A. Regional Parks, Trails, Open Spaces And Preserves 6-26

B. Solid Waste 6-30

C. Stormwater Facilities 6-34

D. Water And Sewer Systems 6-42

E. Transportation 6-54

F. County Buildings 6-63

VI. FINANCING THE COUNTY CFP 6-66

VII. SUMMARY OF 2009-2029 PROJECT PROJECTIONS 6-71

VIII.  PUBLIC PURPOSE LANDS 6-72

CHAPTER SEVEN -- UTILITIES   (PDF, 57Kb)

I. INTRODUCTION 7-1

II. EXISTING FACILITIES 7-3

A. Electricity 7-3

B. Natural Gas 7-4

C. Standard Telephone 7-5

D. Cellular Telephone 7-6

E. Cable 7-6

F. County-Owned and/or Operated Facilities 7-6

III. PROPOSED FACILITIES 7-7

A. Electricity 7-6

B. Natural Gas 7-8

C. Standard Telephone 7-8

D. Cellular Telephone 7-9

E. Cable 7-9

F. County-Owned and/or Operated Facilities 7-9

IV. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 7-9

CHAPTER EIGHT -- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT   (PDF, 94Kb)   

 I. INTRODUCTION 8-1   

 II. THURSTON COUNTY ECONOMY 8-2   

III. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THURSTON COUNTY 8-6   

IV. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 8-8

CHAPTER NINE -- NATURAL ENVIRONMENT   (PDF, 109Kb)   

I. INTRODUCTION 9-1

II. BACKGROUND 9-1

A. Environmental Features 9-1

B. Water Resources 9-2       

C. Natural Hazards 9-4       

D. Important Greenspaces 9-5   

III. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 9-7       

A. Geologic Hazard Areas 9-7       

B. Groundwater and Aquifer Recharge Areas 9-8       

C. Surface Water 9-11       

D. Frequently Flooded Areas 9-14       

E. Important Fish, Wildlife, and Plant Habitat 9-16       

F. Greenspaces 9-19       

G. Air Quality 9-22       

H. Management Approaches 9-23

CHAPTER TEN ā€“ ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORIC RESOURCES   (PDF, 157Kb)   

I. INTRODUCTION 10-1       

A. Archaeological and Historic Preservation 10-1       

B. Identification of Archaeological and Historic Resources 10-2       

C. Historic Preservation Programs 10-3       

D. Protection of Historic and Archaeological Resources 10-6     

II. GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES 10-8

CHAPTER ELEVEN -- PLAN AMENDMENTS   (PDF, 26Kb)   

I. GENERAL PROVISIONS 11-1       

A. Growth Management Act Compliance 11-1       

B. Timing 11-1   

II. TYPES OF COMPREHENSIVE PLAN AMENDMENTS 11-1       

A. Multiple Processes 11-1       

B. Legislative and Quasi-Judicial Amendments 11-2   

III. APPEALS 11-3       

A. Growth Management Hearings Board Review 11-3       

B. Judicial Review 11-3

CHAPTER TWELVE -- GLOSSARY 12-1   (PDF, 76Kb)

CHAPTER THIRTEEN -- APPENDICES       

A. Thurston County History A-1   (PDF, 33Kb)    

B. Genā€™l steps for Annual Comp Plan Amendments B-1   (PDF, 298Kb)    

C. Descriptions of Related Plans, Studies and Regulations C-1   (PDF, 101Kb)    

D. List of Plan Amendments D-1   (PDF, 29Kb)    

E. Traffic Forecast Volumes E-1   (PDF, 12Kb)    

F. State Transportation Facilities in Thurston County F-1   (PDF, 15Kb)

TABLES

Land Use:

Table 2-1 Estimated Capacity for Urban Population Growth 2-6

Table 2-1A Percentage of Land Allocated for Rural Uses 2-12

Natural Resource Lands:

Table 3-1 Washington State Private Forest Land Grades 3-11

Housing:

Table 4-1 Thurston County Estimated Population Increase 4-2

Table 4-2 Residential Lands Supply and Demand, Thurston County 4-5

Table 4-3 Average Achieved Density by Generalized Density Category, Residential and Mixed Use Zoning 4-6

Table 4-4 Thurston County Median Income 4-8

Table 4-5 Income Thresholds Used in Affordable Housing Needs Assessment, Thurston Co., 2000 and 1990 4-8

Table 4-6 Thurston County Housing Cost Comparison, 1970 - 2000 4-9

Table 4-7 Thurston County Housing Units by Indicators of Substandard Conditions 4-10

Table 4-8 Estimate of Affordable Housing Needs, 2000 4-10

Table 4-9 Single Family Housing Types and Construction 4-13

Table 4-10 Subsidized Housing Units in the Thurston County Region as of 2004...4-17

Table 4-11 Housing Unit Age in Thurston County 4-19

Transportation:

Table 5-1 Level of Service Characteristics by Roadway Type 5-8

Table 5-2 Private Airports - Thurston County 5-26 Table 5-2A Public Use Airports 5-27

Capital Facilities:

Table 6-1 Level of Service Standards and Comparison to Previous CFP 6-7

Table 6-2 Level of Service Change from Existing Standards 6-11

Table 6-3 Effect on Local Taxes and Fees 6-12

Table 6-4 Summary of 2005 ā€“ 2010 Capital Costs 6-6

Table 6-5 Summary Six Year Financing Plan 2005 - 2010 6-15

Table 6-6 Parks & Recreation Capital Projects 2005 - 2010 6-19

Table 6-7 Solid Waste Capital Projects 2005 - 2010 6-23

Table 6-8 Stormwater Capital Facilities 2005 - 2010 6-28

Table 6-9 Sewer & Water Capital Projects 2005 - 2010 6-33

Table 6-10 Roads and Transportation Capital Projects 2005 - 2010 6-38

Table 6-11 Thurston County Buildings Capital Projects 2005 - 2010 6-44

Table 6-12 Thurston County Inventory of Public Facilities 6-45

Table 6-13 Facilities of Other Public Entities 6-57

Table 6-14 Distinguishing Public Purpose Lands From Essential Public Facilities 6-62

Table 6-15 Interjurisdictional Shared Needs for Public Purpose Lands 6-64

Economic Development:

Table 8-1 Comparison of Thurston County Economic Sectors by Employment and Wage Earnings 8-4

Table 8-2 Trade and Service Employment Economic Sector Changes by Total Increase and Average Annual Rate of Increase 8-5

Table 8-3 Land Zoned for Commercial and Industrial Uses Adjusted to Remove Water Feature Coverage on Sites 8-7

Archaeological and Historic Resources:

Table 10-1 Historic Sites 10-10

EXHIBITS

Land Use:

Exhibit A - Olympia Airport with overlay zone 2-31 (PDF, 267Kb)

Transportation:

Exhibits B-F-Rural Area Roadway Design Standards 5-11

Exhibit G County Transit Service 5-13

Exhibit H Class I Bike Path 5-17

Exhibit I Class II Bike Lane 5-17

Exhibit J Class III Bike Route 5-18

Exhibit K Class IV Bike Route 5-18

Appendix E: (Exhibits L-Q (amended 2004) follow Appendix E)

Exhibit L - 2000 Traffic Volume Counts - Olympia UGA E-2 (PDF, 411Kb)

Exhibit M - 2000 Traffic Volume Counts - Lacey UGA E-3 (PDF, 513Kb)

Exhibit N - 2000 Traffic Volume Counts - Tumwater UGA E-4 (PDF, 345Kb)

Exhibit O - Projected 2025 Traffic Volumes for Olympia UGA E-5 (PDF, 419Kb)

Exhibit P Projected 2025 Traffic Volumes for Lacey UGA E-6 (PDF, 531Kb)

Exhibit Q Projected 2025 Traffic Volumes for Tumwater UGA E-7 (PDF, 352Kb)

MAPS

Not every map listed below is available on-line, but all maps may be purchased separately or viewed online at www.geodata.org. Maps are also available at a larger scale from Thurston Geodata. All of the maps included in the Comprehensive Plan were updated in 2004.

Map 1 - Unincorporated Thurston County

Map 2 - Geologic Hazard Areas

Map 3 - Physiography

Map 4 - Drainage Basins

Map 5 - Flood Plains

Map 6 - Wetlands

Map 7 - Aquifers

Map 8 - Aquifer Sensitive Areas

Map 9 - Fish Bearing Streams

Map 10 - Special Plants, Animals and Plant Communities

Map 11 - Noise Impact Areas

Map 13 - Existing Land Use

Map 14 - Urban Growth Areas (Chapter 2) (PDF, 44Kb)

Map 15 - Future Land Use (Chapter 2) (PDF, 2.3Mb)

Map 15-A - Public Purpose Lands (Chapter 2) (PDF, 44Kb)

Map 17 - Shorelines

Map 18 - Public Lands

Map 20 - Sub-Area Boundaries

Map 21 - Industrial Lands

Map 22 - Commercial Lands

Map 25 - Existing Farmland

Map 26 - Commercial Agriculture Areas

Map 27 - Forestry

Map 28 - Commercial Forestry Areas

Map 30 - Open Space Tax Land

Map 31 - Important Greenspaces (Chapter 9) (PDF, 1.1Mb)

Map 32 - Historic Sites (Chapter 10) (PDF, 1.1Mb)

Map 33 - Existing and Future Roadways - County Roadway Functional Classifications (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.1Mb)

Map 34 - Transit Service Area & Routes (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.2Mb)

Map 35 - Existing and Future Bikeways (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.2Mb)

Map 36 - Public Recreation Facilities

Map 37 - Water Service

Map 38 - Sewer Service

Map 40 - Multi-Modal Facilities (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.2Mb)

Map 41 - Rail Lines (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.2Mb)

Map 42 - Designated Agriculture and Forest Lands (Chapter 3) (PDF, 87Mb)

Map 43 - Designated Mineral Resource Lands (Chapter 3) (PDF, 32Mb)

Map 44 - Existing and Proposed Private Utilities: Electricity and Natural Gas (Chapter 7) (PDF, 1.4Mb)

Map 45 - Existing and Proposed Private Utilities: Telecommunications (Chapter 7) (PDF, 683Kb)

Map 46 - 2025 Forecast Traffic Volumes Outside Urban Growth Areas (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.4Mb)

Map 47 - 2004 Actual Traffic Counts Outside Urban Growth Areas (Chapter 5) (PDF, 1.5Mb)

Map 48 Two-Hour P.M. Peak Level of Service Policy by Geography (Chapter 5) (PDF, 710Kb)

Contact Us

Interested Parties: If you would like to be added to our Web Mail list, please click here. Staff contact: Jeremy Davis, Senior Planner. Phone: (360) 754-3355, x7010 E-mail: davisj@co.thurston.wa.us.

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