Information & Services
Internet, phone, email, and mail scams are among the various scam techniques that operatives use to take your resources. Review this page to learn more about common scam techniques, and how to avoid them. Topics below include:
Fraudulent Websites and Email Solicitations
One particularly disturbing trend involves an increase in fraudulent websites or bulk email solicitations. They contain links to phony phisher websites that ask recipients to reveal sensitive information such as bank account, social security, or personal identification numbers. The look and feel of the email or the fake site so closely mimics the websites of legitimate, reputable companies such as eBay, Citibank, Washington Mutual, KeyBank, or Microsoft that they have successfully tricked many users into giving out sensitive personal information or infecting their own computers. Do not fall for these phony email requests. You will notice that they sometimes even go to the extent of putting the "secure site" logo on their pages. They want you to click on the links they provide within this email.
One example of this fraud is a new website that encourages people to purchase lists of registered sex offenders in Washington. A telemarketing company is trying to sell Western Washington residents lists of registered sex offenders, even though the lists are available for free. Residents are receiving automated calls warning that a sex predator has moved into their neighborhood and offering to sell a list of sex offenders living in their ZIP code.
A list and a map of registered sex offenders can be accessed through the Web site of the Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs at http://ml.waspc.org. People without internet access can get the same information by visiting the Sheriff's office.
Lori Takahashi, spokeswoman for the Attorney General's Office, states they have not received any complaints about the automated calls, but they would like to hear from anybody who has received them. "It's clearly a violation of the Consumer Protection Act because this information is free," she said.
People who receive the calls can report them to the Attorney General's Office at (800) 551-4636.
Other recent scams include:
Employees Credit Union)
The most recent one is an email offering you $20 if you take part in a "quick and easy" five question survey. The only thing quick and easy about this survey is how fast they will access your account and drain it of every cent you have! Remember, they can copy/cut/paste off of the original BECU banking site to make their internet pages look legitimate, including the copyright tag-line at the bottom and security statements/disclaimers. Do not fall for it!
The most recent I have seen is the threat to shut down your account due to suspicious activity or a "suspicious change of address request." Again, this is baloney and just a ploy to get you to clink on their bogus link to obtain your personal account information. If you feel your financial accounts may be in jeopardy, you should be contacting them directly, either by phone or in person, to check on the status of your account.
Victim is contacted via email by a (supposed) representative from QVC stating that his order was being processed and shipped. Since the victim had never purchased anything from QVC, he called the 800-number that was provided within the text of the email. Of course, the woman that answered was very helpful and offered to cancel his order--all he had to do was provide the number of his credit card! Luckily, this victim was a smart consumer and refused to provide the information and asked her to repeat the number that the item was charged to. She refused and hung up on him.
Medicare Scam Prevention Tips
Check the list of
Medicare-approved prescription drug plans. The list of approved
plans and other information about the program are available at
www.medicare.gov and by calling toll-free, (800) 633-4227 (TTY users
should call (877) 486-2048). Medicare prescription drug plans, which
will be offered by private companies and organizations, must meet
specific federal standards and be approved by the Centers for
Medicare and Medicaid Services in the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services (HHS).
If someone says you must join or you will lose your other Medicare benefits, it is a scam. The Medicare prescription drug benefit is voluntary. It supplements your other Medicare benefits.
If someone asks for payment before November 15, 2005, it is a scam. The plans are allowed to begin advertising on October 1, 2005, but they are not allowed to begin enrolling people and asking for payments until November 15, 2005, which is the beginning of the six-month open enrollment period.
Guard your personal information from identity thieves posing as sales people. Legitimate plans may ask for your Social Security number, but only when you are actually enrolling. And they may only ask for your credit card or bank account information if you are arranging to make automatic payments for your drug coverage from that account.
If someone claims to be calling from the Social Security Administration (SSA) and asks for your bank account, credit card, or life insurance policy numbers, it is a scam. SSA will never ask for that information, and the only time someone calling from the SSA will ask for your Social Security number is if you applied for low-income assistance and the number you put on your application was not correct.
Know the law on how Medicare prescription drug plans can be marketed. It is illegal for companies or organizations marketing Medicare drug plans to come to your door uninvited or to send you unsolicited emails. Companies and organizations can call to promote their drug plans, but it is illegal for them to sign people up during those calls. They must also obey telemarketing laws: it is illegal to call before 8:00 a.m. or after 9:00 p.m.; call people whose telephone numbers are on a state or the federal "do not call" registry (with some exceptions); or call people who have asked not to be called again. For more information about your telemarketing rights and to put your phone number on the federal "do not call" registry, go to www.donotcall.gov or call (888) 382-1222.
Medicare prescription drug plans should come with no strings attached. Companies and organizations can offer modest prizes or gifts (but not cash) to promote their Medicare prescription drug plans. (For example, to people who attend a sales presentation.) But it is illegal to require anyone to join a drug plan in order to get a prize or gift.
Do not be fooled by sales materials that look like they are from the government. Con artists often try to impress consumers with official-looking sales materials that look like they are from a government agency. Since it is private companies who are offering the plans, be skeptical about promotional materials claiming to come from the government.
Do not confuse other types of drug coverage with Medicare prescription drug plans. Only plans approved by Medicare can be marketed as Medicare prescription drug plans. Approved plans will have a seal on their materials with "Medicare Rx" in large letters and "Prescription Drug Coverage" in smaller letters under that. Check with Medicare to make sure that the plan you are considering is approved.
Report suspected Medicare drug plan scams. Call the Office of Inspector General at the Department of Health and Human Services, (800) 447-8477, TTY (800) 337-4950 (information about the Medicare drug plans is not available at these numbers). You can also report Medicare-related fraud by sending an email to HHSTips@oig.hhs.gov or writing to Inspector General, HHS, Attention: Hotline, 330 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20201.
Notification Card for Package Pick Up Scams
Residents find a card left at the door stating that a package needs to be picked up. The card looks similar to the notices left by the Postal Service, but way down at the bottom of the card (in very, very, very small print) it states: "An Adv. Promotion of Millennium Systems, Distributors of environmental Products for home and industry." This same card was left at doors throughout the neighborhood.
When you call the number on the card, you are told that "somebody in your household" had filled out an "Air Quality Questionnaire" and in doing so, had qualified the household to enter into a "contest" and your name had been drawn as a lucky winner. Keep in mind this is not a "normal" scam because they are actually offering you a gift--but in return they want your time to pitch a portable air filtration system called, "The Vortech." They want you to make an appointment for one of their salespeople to come to your house to tell you about this great new product.
So if you received one of these cards, it is just a new take on an old sales pitch that came in the form of a "package pick-up" notification card that is very similar to those you receive from the United States Postal Service. Bothersome, but not against the law so just throw it away if you are not interested.
It is a good example of how creative some companies can get when it comes to selling products that we, as a consumer, really do not need or want. But for those folks that are a little more vulnerable to this type of sales tactic, it would be a good idea to inform those neighbors around you what you have learned on this web page.
Important Information On Nigerian Scam Targets
The newest version of the Nigerian scam targets consumers who have an item to sell listed on the Internet. Below is a typical scenario of the Nigerian counterfeit cashier's check scam, which has surfaced in the last six to eight months in the United States.
A seller lists an item on the Internet--a classic car, purebred animal, etc. The seller receives an offer to buy the item at or above the asking price from a buyer, usually from Nigeria or "West Africa," who agrees to send the seller a bank cashier's check. The buyer then advises the seller that he is owed money from a third party in the U.S. in an amount greater than what he owes seller. The buyer offers to send the cashier's check to the seller for the full amount, and asks that the seller send him the balance, "after the check clears, of course".
Generally, the sellers are skeptical but, in the scam, an authentic-looking U.S. bank cashier's check arrives by Federal Express. The seller's bank accepts the check and assures the seller that the funds are available. The seller wires the balance to the buyer and prepares to ship the item.
Usually, within a week, the bank contacts the seller to say that the cashier's check is counterfeit and worthless. The seller's account may be frozen, and the bank requires payment to cover the counterfeit check. The seller may even be suspected of fraud himself for passing the counterfeit check. The Secret Service warns that certain actions taken by individuals falling for these schemes, such as securing loans under false pretenses (i.e. home equity, student loans) in order to send money to the advance fee suspects, could be construed as Bank Fraud and investigated accordingly.
While the items for sale may vary and the reasons given for sending a check in excess of the sale price may change, the bottom line is SELLER BEWARE!
Gift Card Scam
Crooks have now figured out a way to rob you of your gift card balance! If you buy gift cards from a display rack that is within reach of the general public, you could be come a victim of theft. Crooks are jotting down the card numbers, waiting a few days, then calling the 800-number to check how much of a balance is left. When they discover activated cards, they use the card numbers to buy merchandise on the store's website. Here are some steps you can take to prevent this from happening to your gift cards:
Given a selection of prepaid gift cards displayed on an open rack versus ones kept behind a customer service counter, the latter is the safer choice.
Gift cards with a "scratch off" on the back to cover the ID number are the safest, because you can tell right away if the card has been tampered with.
Only purchase gift cards directly from the store. There are online sites where you can swap unwanted gift cards, but they often turn out to be stolen or counterfeit.
Always keep your receipt, because most retailers will replace your card if it has been lost or stolen.
For information on scam prevention, visit the US Federal Trade Commission website